Sort fields and identifiers: use these fields to filter the list to obtain desired combinations of species, subspecies, ultrataxa or all taxa and to identify the taxonomic level of each record.
Taxonomic sort field; based on Christidis and Boles (2008).
Denotes whether the record is an ultrataxon; used in the TaxonID field.
The taxonomic level of the record; species or subspecies (sp = species, ssp = subspecies).
Main taxonomic fields
Unique species number. *SpNo between 5000 and 6000 are temporary numbers and may change.
Unique ID composed of ultrataxon identifier (u = ultrataxon), species number and subspecies code (alpha character).
Taxon common name.
Taxon scientific name
Taxon scientific name.
Family common name, based on Christidis and Boles (2008).
Family scientific name
Family scientific name, based on Christidis and Boles (2008).
Order scientific name, based on Christidis and Boles (2008).
Various information relating to the definition of taxonomic units.
Major ecological categories - can be useful in filtering taxon records. Categories are one, or a combination of, the following:
Endemic: Taxa that occur only in Australia (including territorial? islands - e.g. Norfolk, Christmas, Macquarie etc.).
Endemic (breeding only): Taxa that only breed in Australia, but which have non-breeding distributions elsewhere.
Australian: Taxa that occur in Australia and elsewhere, but which breed in Australia.
Non-breeding: Regular migrants or visitors (not vagrants) that occur in Australia during their non-breeding period.
Vagrant: Occasional visitors to Australia with no regular breeding in Australia and irregular occurrences of <100 individuals.
Extinct: Taxa that are extinct in Australia. This includes taxa listed as ‘Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)’ in the IUCN Red List category field.
Introduced: Non-indigenous taxa introduced to Australia by people.
Domestic: Non-indigenous taxa that do not have self-sustaining wild populations in Australia.
Failed introduction: Non-indigenous taxa introduced to Australia by people but which never formed self-sustaining populations.
IUCN Red List category
Conservation category based on The Action Plan for Australian Birds (Garnett et al. 2011). See Garnett et al. (2011) or http://www.iucnredlist.org for details.
Based on the recommendation of BirdLife International, the additional category of ‘Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)’ is used for taxa recently assessed as likely to be extinct, but which have not met the strict IUCN criteria for a classification of Extinct or Extinct in the Wild.
Cross-reference identifiers: use these fields to cross-reference taxa with other taxonomies.
Scientific name (C&B 2008)
Christidis and Boles (2008) scientific name.
Scientific name (IOC)
International Ornithological Congress v3.3 scientific name.
Scientific name (Clements)
The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World v6 scientific name.
Taxonomic arrangement (including genera definitions) follows Christidis and Boles (2008) except where described in the ‘Taxonomic Notes’ field.
Species definitions follow BirdLife International (see www.birdlife.org/datazone/info/taxonomy for details), except where noted in the ‘Taxonomic Notes’ field.
Hybrids between species are not listed except in two cases where these taxa are routinely recorded (Pacific Black Duck–Mallard hybrid and Cox's Sandpiper). These records are assigned the ‘Taxon level’ of ‘hybrid’.
Subspecies definitions are taken from:
Schodde and Mason (1997) for Pigeons–Dollarbirds.
Schodde and Mason (1999) for passerines.
The Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds (HANZAB) and Handbook of the Birds of the World for non-passerines (except Pigeons–Dollarbird).
Various more recent taxonomic studies where work has been conducted; these references are noted in the ‘Taxonomic Notes’ field.
Where the subspecies taxon occurring in Australia is uncertain, common and scientific names are suffixed with ‘ssp.’.
Subspecies are allocated an alpha character code only where two or more subspecies taxa occur in Australia.
Common (English) name conventions:
Species common names follow Christidis and Boles (2008) (which follows RAOU naming conventions (RAOU 1978)), except where species definitions differ from those of Christidis and Boles (2008) or where more recent taxonomic work has been conducted.
Subspecies are named using commonly known terms where they exist and otherwise a geographic descriptor reflecting the regional distribution that distinguishes them from other conspecific taxa preceding the species common name.
Though increasing the length of names, the word ‘Island’ is included for island endemic birds following Garnett (1992) to avoid the names that imply birds are characteristic of late December ('Christmas' taxa), are of East Anglia ('Norfolk' taxa), are regal (‘King’ taxa), are a strange mix of mammal and bird (‘Kangaroo’ taxa) etc. The word ‘island’ is omitted in a few cases for brevity where the island name is not conflicted, or where existing precedents are in place - e.g. for Lord Howe Island endemics because of the established protocol for the high profile ‘Lord Howe Woodhen’.
Christidis L. and Boles W.E. (2008). Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing.
Clements J.F., Schulenberg T.S. Iliff M.J., Sullivan B.L., Wood C.L. and Roberson D. (2012). The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7.
Garnett S.T., Szabo, J.K. and Dutson G. (2011). The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2010. CSIRO Publishing.
Garnett S.T. (1992). Threatened and Extinct Birds of Australia. Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union. Moonee Ponds.
Schodde R. and Mason I.J. (1997). Zoological Catalogue of Australia Volume 37.2 Aves (Columbidae to Coraciidae). CSIRO Publishing/Australian Biological Resources Study.
Schodde R. and Mason I.J (1999). The Directory of Australian Birds. Passerines. CSIRO Publishing.
RAOU (Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union) (1978). Recommended English names for Australian birds. Emu 77 (Supplement): 245–313.